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“十四五”时期经济社会发展主要目标

【来源:人民日报】 【供稿:何立峰】 【审核:缪红娟】 【发布时间:2020.12.04】 【阅读: 字体大小 语音播放

  renminribao2020-12-04

  dangdeshijiujiewuzhongquanhuitongguode《zhonggongzhongyangguanyuzhidingguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishisigewunianguihuaheerlingsanwunianyuanjingmubiaodejianyi》(yixiajiancheng《jianyi》),quedingle“shisiwu”shiqiwoguojingjishehuifazhandezhidaosixiang、mubiaorenwuhezhongdajucuo,bohualeweilaiwunianwoguofazhandehongweilantu,shizhidaojingjishehuigongzuodeganglingxingwenjian。“shisiwu”shiqishiwoguoquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、shixiandiyigebainianfendoumubiaozhihou,chengshiershangkaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengcheng、xiangdiergebainianfendoumubiaojinjundediyigewunian,womenyaoquanmianbawo“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanmubiaoyaoqiu,jiandingbuyiguanchexinfazhanlinian,jianchiwenzhongqiujingongzuozongjidiao,tongchouzuohaogexianggongzuo,nulishixianjingjixingwenzhiyuan、shehuiandinghexie,weiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiakaihaoju、qihaobu。

  yi、nulishixian“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiao

  mianduicuozongfuzadeguojixingshi、jianjufanzhongdeguoneigaigefazhanwendingrenwu,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangdailingquanguogezurenminjiexufendou、gongjiankenan,woguojingjishili、kejishili、zongheguoliyueshangxindedataijie。2019nian,guoneishengchanzongzhidadao99.1wanyiyuan,zhanquanqiujingjizongliangde16%,yuji“shisanwu”qimoguoneishengchanzongzhitupo100wanyiyuan;renjunguoneishengchanzongzhitupo1wanmeiyuan,renminshenghuoshuipingxianzhutigao,chengxiangjuminrenjunshourubi2010nianfanyifandemubiaojibenshixian;“shisanwu”shiqishixian5575wannongcunpinkunrenkoutuopin,juezhantuopingongjianqudejuedingxingchengjiu;“shisanwu”guihuamubiaorenwujijiangwancheng,quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuishenglizaiwang。

  “shisiwu”shiqishikaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiaxinzhengchengdediyigewunian,woguojiangjinruxinfazhanjieduan。《jianyi》quedingde“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiao,zonghekaolvleguoneiwaifazhanqushihewoguofazhantiaojian,chongfentixianlemubiaodaoxianghewentidaoxiangxiangjiehe、shouzhenghechuangxinxiangtongyi。congmubiaodaoxiangkan,dangdeshijiudaduishixiandiergebainianfendoumubiaozuochufenlianggejieduantuijindezhanlveanpai,《jianyi》xihuatichudao2035nianjibenshixianshehuizhuyixiandaihuadeyuanjingmubiao,“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiaojinjinmaodingle2035nianyuanjingmubiao。congwentidaoxiangkan,woguoshehuizhuyaomaodunyijingzhuanhuaweirenminriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaohebupinghengbuchongfendefazhanzhijiandemaodun,“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiaolaolaojujiaojiejuefazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwenti。congshijixiaoguokan,renminmeihaoshenghuoxuyaoriyiguangfan,bujinduiwuzhiwenhuashenghuotichulegenggaoyaoqiu,erqiezaiminzhu、fazhi、gongping、zhengyi、anquan、huanjingdengfangmiandeyaoqiuriyizengzhang,“shisiwu”shiqijingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiaozhezhongguanzhubuduanshixianrenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwang。

  dangdeshijiudazhichu,woguorengchuyubingjiangzhangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduandejibenguoqingmeiyoubian,woguoshishijiezuidafazhanzhongguojiadeguojidiweimeiyoubian。woguojingjijianshequdejudachengjiu,yichengweishijiedierdajingjiti、zhizaoyediyidaguo,danrenjunguoneishengchanzongzhirengweidadaoquanqiupingjunshuiping,yuandiyufadaguojia,tebieshizaichuangxinnenglifangmianyufadaguojiaxiangbirengyoujiaodachaju,yixieguanjianhexinjishuhaishouzhiyuren。zheijiuyaoqiuwomenzai“shisiwu”shiqi,laolaobawoshehuizhuyichujijieduanzheigejibenguoqing,laolaolizushehuizhuyichujijieduanzheigezuidashiji,jianchifazhanshidiyiyaowu,baxinfazhanlinianguanchuanfazhanquanguochenghegelingyu,tuidongzhiliangbiange、xiaolvbiange、donglibiange,shixiangenggaozhiliang、gengyouxiaolv、gengjiagongping、gengkechixu、gengweianquandefazhan。

  er、jingjifazhanqudexinchengxiao

  fazhanshijiejuewoguoyiqiewentidejichuheguanjian。zhiyoujianchiyijingjijiansheweizhongxinbudongyao,jianchijiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanli,cainengweijiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia、buduantigaorenminshenghuoshuipingdiandingjianshijichu。“shisiwu”shiqi,woguofazhanmianlindehuanjinggengjiafuza,jiyuhetiaozhandouyouxindefazhanbianhua。congguojixingshikan,dangjinshijiezhengjinglibainianweiyouzhidabianju,xinguanfeiyanyiqingquanqiudaliuxingshizheigebianjujiasubianhua,baohuzhuyi、danbianzhuyishangsheng,shijiejingjidimi,quanqiuchanyeliangongyinglianyinfeijingjiyinsuyingxiangermianlinchongji。congguoneiqingkuangkan,woguozhengchuyuzhuanbianfazhanfangshi、youhuajingjijiegou、zhuanhuanzengzhangdonglidegongguanjieduan,fazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwentirengrantuchu,youqishichuangxinnenglihaibushiyinggaozhiliangfazhanyaoqiu。tongshigengyaokandao,woguofazhanrengchuyuzhongyaozhanlvejiyuqi,zhiduyoushixianzhu,zhilixiaonengtisheng,jingjizhangqixianghao,wuzhijichuxionghou,renliziyuanfengfu,shichangkongjianguangkuo,fazhanrenxingqiangjing,shehuidajuwending,jixufazhanjuyouduofangmianyoushihetiaojian。yaobianzhengrenshihebawoguoneiwaidashi,zengqiangjiyuyishihefengxianyishi,shanyuzaiweijizhongyuxianji、yubianjuzhongkaixinju。

  《jianyi》qiangdiao,fazhanbixujianchixinfazhanlinian,zaizhiliangxiaoyimingxiantishengdejichushangshixianjingjichixujiankangfazhan。“shisiwu”shiqi,yaoweiraoshixianzheiyimubiao,jiakuaituidongjingjigaozhiliangfazhan,jianchizhiliangdiyi、xiaoyiyouxian,quebaojingjishixianliangdehelizengzhanghezhidewenbutisheng。

  tuidongjingjigaozhiliangfazhan,yaojianchichuangxinqudongfazhan,dalifazhanshitijingji,jianshexiandaihuajingjitixi。chuangxinshiyinlingfazhandediyidongli,yaoshenrushishichuangxinqudongfazhanzhanlve,qianghuaguojiazhanlvekejililiang,tishengqiyejishuchuangxinnengli,jifarencaichuangxinhuoli,wanshankejichuangxintizhijizhi,jiakuaijianshekejiqiangguo。yaojianchizhenxingshitijingji,tishengchanyeliangongyinglianxiandaihuashuiping,buqichanyelianboruohuanjie,tuidongxianjinzhizaoyehexiandaifuwuyeronghefazhan,dalifazhanzhanlvexingxinxingchanye,jiakuaifazhanxiandaifuwuye,jinyibuhangshinongyejichu。

  tuidongjingjigaozhiliangfazhan,yaoxingchengqiangdaguoneishichang,jiakuaigoujianyiguoneidaxunhuanweizhuti、guoneiguojishuangxunhuanxianghucujindexinfazhangeju。zheiyixinfazhangejushigenjuwoguofazhanjieduan、huanjing、tiaojianbianhuatichulaide,shizhongsuwoguoguojihezuohejingzhengxinyoushidezhanlvejueze。yaoshenhuagongjicejiegouxinggaige,jiandingshishikuodaneixuzhanlve,shishengchan、fenpei、liutong、xiaofeigengduoyituoguoneishichang,tishenggongjitixiduiguoneixuqiudeshipeixing,xingchengxuqiuqianyingongji、gongjichuangzaoxuqiudegenggaoshuipingdongtaipingheng。xinxingchengzhenhuashikuodaneixudezuidaqianlisuozai。yaotuijinyirenweihexindexinxingchengzhenhua,tongguoshenhuahujizhidugaige、zengqianggonggongfuwunengli、wanshanpeitaozhengcedengjiakuainongyezhuanyirenkoushiminhua,cujindazhongxiaochengshihexiaochengzhenxiediaofazhan。yaochongfenfahuigedibijiaoyoushi,jiakuailuoshiguojiazhongdaquyufazhanzhanlve,tuidongxingchengzhutigongnengmingxian、youshihubu、gaozhiliangfazhandequyujingjibuju。tongshi,lizuguoneidaxunhuan,xietongtuijinqiangdaguoneishichanghemaoyiqiangguojianshe,xingchengquanqiuziyuanyaosuqiangdayinlichang,cujinneixuhewaixu、jinkouhechukou、yinjinwaiziheduiwaitouzixiediaofazhan。

  san、gaigekaifangmaichuxinbufa

  gaigekaifangshijuedingdangdaizhongguomingyundeguanjianyizhao,yeshijuedingshixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeguanjianyizhao。suizhewoguomairuxinfazhanjieduan,gaigeyemianlinxinderenwu,bixunachugengdadeyongqi、gengduodejucuopochushencengcitizhijizhizhangai。tongshi,guojihuanjingdeshenkefuzabianhuaduituijinduiwaikaifangyetichuxindeyaoqiu。yaoanzhao《jianyi》tichudeyaoqiu,jianchifangxiangbubian、daolubupian、lidubujian,tuidongxinshidaigaigekaifangzoudegengwen、zoudegengyuan,dao2025nianshishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhigengjiawanshan,genggaoshuipingkaifangxingjingjixintizhijibenxingcheng。

  jingjitizhigaigeshiquanmianshenhuagaigedezhongdian,hexinwentishichulihaozhengfuheshichangdeguanxi,shishichangzaiziyuanpeizhizhongqijuedingxingzuoyong,genghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong。jingguoduoniangaigeshijian,woguoshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhibuduanwanshan,danrengrancunzaibushaoshufushichangzhutihuoli、zuaishichanghejiazhiguilvchongfenfahuizuoyongdebiduan。“shisiwu”shiqi,yaojianchishehuizhuyishichangjingjigaigefangxiang,congguangduheshendushangtuijinshichanghuagaige,yiwanshanchanquanzhiduheyaosushichanghuapeizhiweizhongdian,jianshegaobiaozhunshichangtixi。yaojinyibujianquangongpingjingzhengshenchajizhi,shishitongyideshichangzhunrufumianqingdanzhidu,weigeleishichangzhutiyingzaogengjiagongpingdeshichanghua、fazhihua、guojihuadeyingshanghuanjing。

  shijianzhengming,kaifangdailaijinbu,fengbibiranluohou。“shisiwu”shiqi,zhongguokaifangdedamenbuhuiguanbi,zhihuiyuekaiyueda。yaojianshegenggaoshuipingkaifangxingjingjixintizhi,chixutuidongmaoyihetouziziyouhuabianlihua,wanshanwaishangtouzizhunruqianguomindaiyujiafumianqingdanguanlizhidu,youxukuodafuwuyeduiwaikaifang,wanshanziyoumaoyishiyanqubuju,wenbutuijinhainanziyoumaoyigangjianshe。yaotuidonggongjian“yidaiyilu”gaozhiliangfazhan,shenhuawushihezuo,jiaqianganquanbaozhang,cujingongtongfazhan。yaojijicanyuquanqiujingjizhilitixigaige,cujinguojihezuo,shixianhuligongying。

  si、shehuiwenmingchengdudedaoxintigao

  zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishijingshenwenminghewuzhiwenmingquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyi。yigeminzuyaoshixianfuxing,jixuyaoqiangdadewuzhililiang,yexuyaoqiangdadejingshenliliang。yaozaijianchiyijingjijiansheweizhongxin、zhuahaowuzhiwenmingjianshedetongshi,qieerbushe、yiyiguanzhidizhuahaojingshenwenmingjianshe,cujinmanzurenminwenhuaxuqiuhezengqiangrenminjingshenliliangxiangtongyi。

  hexinjiazhiguanshiyigeguojiadezhongyaowendingqi。shehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanshidangdaizhongguojingshendejizhongtixian,ningjiezhequantirenmingongtongdejiazhizhuiqiu。《jianyi》tichu,yaoshishehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanshenrurenxin,renminsixiangdaodesuzhi、kexuewenhuasuzhiheshenxinjiankangsuzhimingxiantigao。yaobashehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanrongrujingjishehuifazhangelingyu,dalihongyangzhongguojingshen、chuanbozhongguojiazhi、ningjuzhongguoliliang,tuidongxingchengshiyingxinshidaiyaoqiudesixiangguannian、jingshenmianmao、wenmingfengshang、xingweiguifan,buduantishengrenminsixiangjuewu、daodeshuizhun、wenmingsuyanghequanshehuiwenmingchengdu。

  《jianyi》tichu,dao2025niangonggongwenhuafuwutixihewenhuachanyetixigengjiajianquan。weiraoshixianzheiyimubiao,yaozhelitishenggonggongwenhuafuwushuiping,buduantuichufanyingshidaixinqixiang、ougerenminxinchuangzaodewenyijingpin,chuangxinshishiwenhuahuimingongcheng,jiaqiangzhongyaowenhuaheziranyichanxitongxingbaohu,jiansheyipiguojiawenhuagongyuan;yaoshenhuawenhuatizhigaige,jiaqiangwenhuashichangtixijianshe,jiakuaifazhanxinxingwenhuaqiye、wenhuayetai、wenhuaxiaofeimoshi,kuodayouzhiwenhuachanpingongji。tongshi,yaoyijianghaozhongguogushiweizhelidian,chuangxintuijinguojichuanbo,jiaqiangduiwaiwenhuajiaoliuheduocengciwenmingduihua,buduantigaoguojiawenhuaruanshili。

  wu、shengtaiwenmingjiansheshixianxinjinbu

  jiansheshengtaiwenmingshiguanxirenminfuzhi、guanhuminzuweilaideqianniandaji。dangdeshibadayilai,woguotuijinshengtaiwenmingjianshedejuexinzhida、liduzhida、chengxiaozhidaqiansuoweiyou,shengtaihuanjingbaohushixianlishixingzhuanzhexingquanjuxingbianhua。danjiejueguoquduonianjileidedalianghuanjingwentijuefeiyichaoyixizhigong。yaoconggenbenshangjiejueshengtaihuanjingwenti,bixupinghenghechulihaofazhanyubaohudeguanxi,jiakuaituijinlvsefazhan。

  《jianyi》tichu,yaotuijinguotukongjiankaifabaohugejujinyibuyouhua,tuidongshengchanshenghuofangshilvsezhuanxingqudexianzhuchengxiao。“shisiwu”shiqi,yaolaogushulihejianxinglvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshanlinian,duocuobingjuxietongtuijinjingjigaozhiliangfazhanheshengtaihuanjinggaoshuipingbaohu。yaoqianghuaguotukongjianguihuaheyongtuguankong,luoshishengtaibaohu、jibennongtian、chengzhenkaifadengkongjianguankongbianjie。shenrudahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhan,jixukaizhanwuranfangzhixingdong,chixugaishanhuanjingzhiliang。jianchishanshuilintianhucaoxitongzhili,tishengshengtaixitongzhilianghewendingxing。quanmiantigaoziyuanliyongxiaolv,tuijinziyuanzongliangguanli、kexuepeizhi、quanmianjieyue、xunhuanliyong。jiakuaituidonglvseditanfazhan,qianghuafalvhezhengcebaozhang,tuijinzhongdianxingyehezhongyaolingyulvsehuagaizao。

  liu、minshengfuzhidadaoxinshuiping

  zengjinminshengfuzhishifazhandegenbenmude。renminqunzhongqipangengwendingdegongzuo、gengmanyideshouru、genghaodejiaoyu、genggaoshuipingdeyiliaoweishengfuwu、gengkekaodeshehuibaozhang。weibuduanmanzurenminduimeihaoshenghuodexinqipan,bixujianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang,jianchifazhanweilerenmin、fazhanyikaorenmin、fazhanchengguoyourenmingongxiang。

  shourufenpeishiminshengzhiyuan,shigaishanminsheng、shixianfazhanchengguoyourenmingongxiangzuizhongyaozuizhijiedefangshi。《jianyi》tichu,juminshouruzengzhanghejingjizengzhangjibentongbu,fenpeijiegoumingxiangaishan。shixianzheiyimubiao,yaojianchigongtongfuyufangxiang,duocuobingjutuozhanjuminshouruzengzhangqudao,jiyaotigaolaodongbaochouzaichucifenpeizhongdebizhong,jianquangongzihelizengzhangjizhi,zhelitigaodishouruquntishouru,kuodazhongdengshouruqunti;youyaojianquangeleishengchanyaosuyoushichangjuedingbaochoudejizhi,tansuotongguotudi、zibendengyaosushiyongquan、shouyiquanzengjiazhongdishouruquntiyaosushouru,duoqudaozengjiachengxiangjumincaichanxingshouru;haiyaobuduanwanshanzaifenpeijizhi,jiadashuishou、shebao、zhuanyizhifudengdiaojieliduhejingzhunxing,gaishanshouruhecaifufenpeigeju。

  jiuyeshizuidademinshenggongcheng、minxingongcheng、genjigongcheng。《jianyi》tichu,yaoshixiangengjiachongfengenggaozhiliangjiuye。weileshixianzheiyimubiaorenwu,yaoqianghuajiuyeyouxianzhengce,qianfangbaijiwendinghekuodajiuye,wanshancujinchuangyedaidongjiuye、duoqudaolinghuojiuyedebaozhangzhidu,zhuzhonghuanjiejiegouxingjiuyemaodun,wanshanzhongdianquntijiuyezhichitixi。

  wanshangonggongfuwutixishibaozhanghegaishanminsheng、cujinshehuihexiewendingdebiranyaoqiu。《jianyi》tichu,jibengonggongfuwujundenghuashuipingmingxiantigao,quanminshoujiaoyuchengdubuduantisheng,duocengcishehuibaozhangtixigengjiajianquan,weishengjiankangtixigengjiawanshan。yaozhelijianquanjibengonggongfuwutixi,jiakuaijianquanfugaiquanmin、tongchouchengxiang、gongpingtongyi、kechixudeduocengcishehuibaozhangtixi。yaoshenhuajiaoyugaige,cujinjiaoyugongping,jianshegaozhiliangjiaoyutixi。yaoquanmiantuijinjiankangzhongguojianshe,wanshanguominjiankangcujinzhengce,zhilaoguojiagonggongweishengfanghuwang,weirenmintigongquanfangweiquanzhouqijiankangfuwu。

  tuopinzhaimaobushizhongdian,ershixinshenghuo、xinfendoudeqidian。《jianyi》tichu,tuopingongjianchengguogonggutuozhan,xiangcunzhenxingzhanlvequanmiantuijin。“shisiwu”shiqi,yaoshixiangonggutuozhantuopingongjianchengguotongxiangcunzhenxingyouxiaoxianjie,jianlinongcundishoururenkouheqianfadadiqubangfujizhi,baochicaizhengtouruliduzongtiwending,jiexutuijintuopindiqufazhan。yaojianquanfangzhifanpinjiancehebangfujizhi,zuohaoyidifupinbanqianhouxubangfugongzuo,tuidongtesechanyekechixufazhan。zaixibudiqutuopinxianzhongjizhongzhichiyipixiangcunzhenxingzhongdianbangfuxian,zengqiangqigonggutuopinchengguojineishengfazhannengli。

  qi、guojiazhilixiaonengdedaoxintisheng

  zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidujuyouqiangdashengminglihexianzhuyoushi,shidangdaizhongguofazhanjinbudegenbenbaozheng。dangdeshibadayilai,zhidujianshebeibaidaogengjiatuchudeweizhi,jiaqianghewanshanguojiazhiliqudelishixingchengjiu,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidugengjiawanshan,guojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuashuipingmingxiantigao。jinruxinfazhanjieduan,bixuyushijujinjianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua。

  《jianyi》zaijianquanshehuizhuyiminzhufazhi、cujinshehuigongpingzhengyi、wanshanguojiaxingzhengtixi、genghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong、tigaoshehuizhilitebieshijicengshehuizhilishuiping,yijijianquanfangfanhuajiezhongdafengxiantizhijizhi、tuijinguofanghejunduixiandaihuadengfangmiantichulemingquemubiaoyaoqiu。“shisiwu”shiqi,yaomaodingdao2035nianjibenshixianguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuademubiao,tuidonggefangmianzhidugengjiachengshugengjiadingxing、guojiazhilixiaonengdedaoxintisheng。yaojianchidangdelingdao、renmindangjiazuozhu、yifazhiguoyoujitongyi,tuijinzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhengzhizhiduziwowanshanhefazhan。yaoshenhuaxingzhengguanlitizhigaige,jianshezhizemingque、yifaxingzhengdezhengfuzhilitixi。yaotongchoufazhanheanquan,fangfanhehuajieyingxiangwoguoxiandaihuajinchengdegezhongfengxian,zhulaoguojiaanquanpingzhang,jianshegenggaoshuipingdepinganzhongguo。yaojiakuaiguofanghejunduixiandaihua,shixianfuguoheqiangjunxiangtongyi。

  zhanwangweilaiwunian,jingjishehuifazhanzhuyaomubiaoyijingmingque,guanjianshiyaoyidingdingzijingshenhenzhualuoshi。womenyaogengjiajinmidituanjiezaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangzhouwei,jianchiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,ruiyijinqu、fenfayouwei,weiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengzuochuxindegengdagongxian。(zuozhe:helifeng)

   


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